Ideally, each of us would wake up every day and enjoy going to work. We would revel in the  camaraderie of our co-workers and be encouraged by the support of our supervisors.

Unfortunately, many people work in, or have worked in, an unpleasant environment. From irritating co-workers and overly demanding supervisors who appear to be nitpicking and trying to manage you out, to “locker-room” type environments, where you may be subjected to crass language and teasing, the behavior of those around us greatly affects our jobs.

Often these outside occurrences amount to mere annoyances or inconveniences, but sometimes they can become so pervasive that you don’t know what you are going to do; you just want to throw up your hands and quit. So, what are your options?

Before we talk about legal options, the most important thing to remember is that your decision impacts your life and the lives of those around you. The reality is that most of us have responsibilities, be it family, a mortgage, car loan or any of the multitude of bills that comes with adulthood. Unless you have money saved to meet your obligations, it may not make sense to simply resign out of frustration until you have another job lined up. Additionally, in Florida, as in other states, you may not be eligible for unemployment benefits if you voluntarily resign from your job.[1]

If resigning is not an option, many people look to the law to see if they have any recourse. One question you need to ask: Is the harassment that I’m receiving at work illegal?

That answer depends on the facts of your particular case. Only harassment based on certain protected classifications is prohibited. Federal law prohibits harassment based on the following grounds: race, color, religion, gender/sex, age, disability, national origin, ethnicity, citizenship status, genetic information, military status, qualified medical leave, retaliation for reporting discrimination, exercising rights protected by federal law, and bankruptcy filing.

Additionally, many state and local jurisdictions have their own equal employment opportunity laws that may protect additional categories of employees. For example, Florida law also makes harassment on the basis of pregnancy illegal.[2]

Legally speaking, a hostile work environment exists where an employee’s workplace is so permeated with discriminatory intimidation, ridicule, and/or insult that is sufficiently severe or pervasive to alter the terms and conditions of the employee’s employment and creates an abusive working environment.[3]

However, the Supreme Court has made it clear that the laws against discrimination are not meant to be a “general civility code for the American workplace.”[4]  All verbal or physical harassment in the workplace is not prohibited. Actions such as simple teasing, offhand comments, and isolated incidents (unless extremely serious) will not amount to a hostile work environment.[5] Not everything that makes an employee unhappy would necessarily be part of a hostile work environment claim.

If the harassment faced is not based on one of a prohibited classification and is not sufficiently severe or pervasive to have altered the conditions of employment and created an abusive working environment, then legally, there would not be a hostile work environment. There is a difference between unfair behavior and illegal behavior.

If you are working in Florida and feel that you have been subjected to a hostile work environment, including harassment or discriminationRTRLAW’s Employment Law attorneys are here to help. Please contact us today to schedule a no-obligation case review with one of our attorneys or call us toll free at 1-833-HIRE-RTR. Our highly experienced attorneys will listen to you and get the details of your claim, determine what options you have under applicable laws, and help you pursue your case.

You can meet with our Employment Law attorneys by phone or video conference, or at one of our seven convenient offices located in Florida, including Fort Lauderdale, Orlando, Tampa, Kissimmee, Lake Worth, Miami and Jacksonville. Contact RTRLAW today.

For Those Oooo Moments, RETAIN THE FLAME!

[1] To be eligible for Florida unemployment benefits, “[y]ou must have lost your job through no fault of your own, so you must not have quit for personal reasons.” Florida Unemployment Guide http://www.stateofflorida.com/articles/florida-unemployment.aspx#one

[2] See Fla. Stat § 760.10

[3] See Knox v. White, 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 132190, *15, 2015 WL 5769231 (M.D. Ga. Sept. 30, 2015)

[4] See Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Servs., Inc., 523 U.S. 75, 82, 118 S. Ct. 998, 140 L. Ed. 2d 201 (1998

[5] Faragher v. City of Boca Raton, 524 U.S. 775, 788, 118 S. Ct. 2275, 141 L. Ed. 2d 662 (1998)